Governor John Hunter was a naval officer and he had struggled to rein in the depredations of the NSW Corps, by now also known as the Rum Corps, from the time of his arrival and appointment on 7 September 1795 until his recall in 1800. Hunter was recalled after receiving a dispatch from the Duke of Portland (one of three Secretaries of State in England) dated 5 November 1799. Hunter handed over the government to Lieutenant-Governor Philip Gidley King on 28 September 1800 after being well and truly white-anted by Macarthur and the Rum Corps (7). It is an interesting footnote that both Hunter and King had been officers on ships of the First Fleet and knew the colony of New South Wales and Sydney Town very well before their appointments.
John Hunter (1737 - 1821) by William Mineard Bennett, c1812,
National Library of Australia. nla.pic-an2272205.
Philip Gidley King (1758 - 1808)
by unknown artist,
National Library of Australia. nla.pic-an9631735.
William and Mary Hubbard worked on at The Ponds for another two years and apparently managed to produce enough food to feed themselves and to sell at market. Eleven days before Governor Hunter handed over power to King, Mary gave birth to twins on 17 September 1800. Elizabeth and Joseph were born at Parramatta (8) and they were baptised at St. Johns Church of England, Parramatta on 21 December 1800 (9).

In the Settlers' Muster Book 1800 there is a separate list of "Land and Stock held by Free Settlers, Officers or Expired or Emancipated Convicts in 1802" (10) and there is a complete record for William Hubbard. He is listed as renting land at the Northern Boundary, near to The Ponds, of 100 acres, of which 40 acres had been cleared and where 6 acres were in wheat and 18 acres were in maize. He had two sows. He is recorded as "Free" (not free by servitude which could have been the case). William held at store 6 bushells of wheat and 15 bushells of maize. Listed with him are one woman and three children "off stores" which means they were not supported by supplies from the government stores. These people are obviously his wife Mary and children Ann, Joseph and Elizabeth. The family also had one female servant who was also not on stores. It is also likely that before this time William had been given the services of at least one convict to help him on the farm and the servant mentioned previously was also most likely a convict herself.

In this same list, there are 45 other ex-convicts from the
Scarborough who were now productive, useful farmers so the easy slander that "once a convict, always a convict" was not true - this alone represented just on 50% of the convicts from that ship, fourteen years after they arrived. One of these men was of course William's friend and neighbour, Matthew Everingham.
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